Peru-21-04-2022

Peru Is Located In The West Central Part Of South America. It Encompasses An Area Of 498,222 Square Miles (1 285, 215 Km2)
Read Reviews

Welcome To Peru

Travel to the heart of the Andes and explore one of the most majestic and mysterious regions on earth: Peru. With its lush rainforest, ancient ruins, and stunning mountain scenery, Peru is a natural wonder waiting to be discovered. Come experience firsthand the beauty and majesty of this amazing country!
Wander colonial Cusco's charming streets, and take in breathtaking views of the snow-capped Andes mountains

The region around Machu Picchu, including the Sacred Valley, Inca Trail and colonial city of Cusco, is rich in archaeological sites - making it an ideal destination for history buffs!
https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/peru-gallery-5-2-640x500.jpg
https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/peru-gallery-5-2-640x500.jpg
https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/peru-gallery-5-2-640x500.jpg
https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/peru-gallery-5-2-640x500.jpg
https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/peru-gallery-5-2-640x500.jpg
https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/couv-2.jpg

When is the best time to visit Peru?

The best time to visit Peru is during the dry season between May and October, especially if you plan to go on a trek. It is a wonderful time, with sunny days and bright blue skies, but early booking is crucial because it's the peak season.

Which airport do I fly to get to Peru?

Nearly all international flights go through the sea level coastal city of Lima, Peru. The nearest airport to Machu Picchu is located in the mountains in high altitude Cusco, Peru. (11,000 ft / 3350 m elevation) Although Cusco is considered an international airport, the majority of flights will come through Lima.
https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/Depositphotos_238976338_L.jpg

Need To Know

2Loaded with impressive views, millennia-old culture, and the interesting contrasts that it displays between modernity and archaeology.

Best Time To Visit

How To Get There

Activities

Carefree Travel

Best Time To Visit
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.
How To Get There
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.
Activities
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.
Carefree Travel
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.

Best Time To Visit

How To Get There

Activities

Best Time To Visit
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.
How To Get There
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.
Activities
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.

Top Attractions

2Travel to Peru is a sure bet for all those looking to experience something truly complete and impressive in the region.
https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/dseti-top-atraction-fig-1-1.jpg

Machu Picchu

https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/dseti-top-atraction-fig-2.jpg

Sacred Valley

https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/dseti-top-atraction-fig-3.jpg

Colca Canyon

Related Packages In Peru

Good Earth Expedition offers the best tours experience with unique prices. Book the best tours packages for any destination of your choice.

THINGS TO DO IN PERU

1. Machu Picchu

Perched high upon a ridge, 300 meters above the Urubamba River, the majestic Inca City of Machu Picchu is one of the most dramatic settings of a ruined city anywhere in the world. Almost as impressive as the ruins themselves is the spectacular backdrop of steep, lush, and often cloud-shrouded mountains.

2. The Inca Trail

The famous Inca Trail is a four-day hike, which terminates at Machu Picchu, and is regarded by many as the highlight of their trip to Peru. This scenic trail is often more demanding than what many people are expecting, but also more rewarding.

3. Cusco’s Architectural Treasures

Walking through the streets of Cusco is like wandering through a museum, with history built upon history in this UNESCO World Heritage Site. Inca ruins have been used in the foundations of many of the lovely old colonial buildings lining the narrow roads, showcasing the city’s long history.

4. Lake Titicac

The sparkling blue water of Lake Titicaca is surrounded by rolling hills and traditional small villages. The lake area is a mix of beautiful scenery and culture that sets it apart from other regions of the country. Sitting at 3,820 meters above sea level, Lake Titicaca is known for being the highest navigable lake in the world.

5. Colca Canyon-Cañón del Colca

Although it was once thought to be the deepest canyon in the world, Colca Canyon (Cañon del Colca), twice as deep as the Grand Canyon, is the second deepest after nearby Cotahuasi Canyon. The canyon reaches a depth of 3,400 meters and is the result of a seismic fault between two volcanoes. At the base far below is a winding river.

6. Nazca Lines

The mysterious Nazca lines are an unusual sight that will leave you with a sense of awe. These huge images on the desert floor were relatively undiscovered until planes flying over the area in the 1920s saw the lines from the air and realized they formed distinct patterns and images.

7. The Sacred Valley

Cusco is the beautiful Sacred Valley and the towns of Pisac, Urubamba, and Ollantaytambo. This fertile valley has many Inca ruins worth exploring but is also a peaceful area to spend some time wandering through markets or soaking up local culture.

8. Arequipa’s Historical City Center

Arequipa, at more than 2,300 meters, is often regarded as Peru’s most beautiful city. Set against a backdrop of snow-capped mountains, the city center is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. Arequipa’s main claim to fame is the old architecture constructed of sillar stone, a volcanic rock that radiates a bright color in the sunlight. Most of the colonial buildings in the historic city center are made from this stone, giving rise to its nickname of the “white city.”

9. Puerto Maldonado and the Amazon

Just a half hour flight from Cusco, Puerto Maldonado is a key jumping-off point for tours of the Amazon. This is a completely different experience than what you will find in other parts of Peru, with hot humid jungle and a chance to see all kinds of unique wildlife. Caimans, capybara, monkeys, parrots, turtles, and piranhas are what you can expect to find in this part of the country

10. Lima’s Historic Center

Lima’s Historic Center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city was founded in the 1500s and, although many of the original structures were destroyed, it still holds significant historical value and is a beautiful place to wander around.

11. Ica and the Sand Dunes at Huacachina

For the sporting type looking to try something a little different, the oasis resort of Huacachina on the outskirts of Ica has just the answer. This picture-perfect, palm-fringed resort town just west of Ica is situated around a lagoon surrounded by huge sand dunes, some of which reach 1,000 meters in height.

12. Pisco and the Ballestas Islands (Islas Ballestas)

The main reason to come to Pisco, about 200 kilometers south of Lima, is to see the nearby Islas Ballestas and the Reserva Nacional de Paracas on the Paracas Peninsula. Almost directly west of Pisco, the Islas Ballestas, sometimes referred to as the “poor man’s Galapagos,” are home to hundreds of thousands of birds, large colonies of sea lions, pelicans, penguins, and dolphins.

13. Sillustani

Sillustani, outside the city of Puno and not far from Lake Titicaca, is the site of some of the area’s most impressive funerary towers (chullpas). Standing as high as 12 meters, these structures were built by the Colla people around AD 600 to bury their nobility. Entire families, along with food and personal possessions, were buried in these cylinders.

14. Barranco

The quaint hillside district of Barranco, just south of Central Lima and Miraflores, is a charming area within easy commuting distance of downtown Lima. With unassuming colorful colonial architecture lining the narrow streets and hillside ocean views, the area offers a much more relaxed pace than the city.

15. Cordillera Blanca

A stunning area of mountains and valleys, the Cordillera Blanca draws mountain climbers, hikers, and outdoor enthusiasts from around the world. The Cordillera Blanca is home to Peru’s highest peak, Huascaran. Also located in the same area of the Andes are sixteen other mountains over 6,000 meters in height.

https://goodearthexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/couv-2.jpg

Visas and entry procedures

Peru is an easy country to enter. People from most countries in the Americas and Western Europe do not need a tourist visa to enter Peru. The maximum length of stay that the authorities grant to tourists is 183 days, which cannot be extended. If you wish to stay longer for other reasons, such as business, studying or working, you need to request the relevant visa at a Peruvian consulate in your own country.

It is essential when entering Peru to present a valid passport with a minimum validity of six months from the date of entry into the country. Citizens of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia and Chile can enter with their national ID document.

Travel health advisory

COVID-19 Travel Information
STATE.GOV – COVID-19 Travel Information

Health conditions in Peru are good, especially in the cities. In recent years, the range of health services has increased and become more modern. Hospitals and clinics provide proper care, but we recommend taking out travel insurance.

Vaccinations

There are no compulsory vaccinations for entering Peru. If you are thinking of visiting the Amazon region of the country, the Ministry of Health recommends that you are vaccinated against yellow fever.

Hepatitis

Recommended for: travelers who will have prolonged contact with the local population.

Destinations for which it is recommended: Amazonas, Loreto, San Martín, Ucayali, Junín y Madre de Dios.

Yellow Fever

Recommended for: travelers to jungle areas below 8,200 feet.

Destinations for which it is recommended: Amazonas, Loreto, San Martín, Ucayali, Junín y Madre de Dios.

Weather and Climate

Peru has three very distinct geographical zones, each with its own weather seasons:

  1. The coast, which is a desert all along, besides the Pacific ocean. Main cities are Lima, Tumbes, Ica and we can find great tourist destinations like Palomino Islands, the Pachacamac Inca holy site, Tumbes’ beaches, the Nazca lines, among others. From April to mid-September it’s the cold season (Autumn and Winter), which is moderately low in temperature. From mid-September to late March it’s hot season (Spring and Summer), with temperatures that can reach 86°F (30°C). However, as we go north, the climate tends to be warmer all year long. Rains are quite scarce.
  2. The Andes range, has different weather. Dry season goes from early April until late October and is mainly cold to very cold, with little or no rain. Now the rainy season spans from November until March, with heavy downfall although brief and not daily. Main cities are Cusco, Puno, Arequipa and some tourism highlights are Machu Picchu, the Inca Trails, Lake Titicaca and the Colca Canyon.
  3. Our Amazonian jungle, a tropical paradise with high temperatures all year long (many days it can be 104°F or 40°C) but also with heavy rains during all months. Iquitos and Puerto Maldonado are the biggest towns, while there are amazing destinations like Manu National Park and the Tambopata Wildlife Reserve.

Additionally, it is mandatory to bring sunblock anywhere, anytime in Peru, high SPF factor, also a sun hat and dark glasses.

Documents & Travel Insurance

A valid passport is required for all international travel, and it must be so for 6 months after the date you enter Peru. Depending on the country of your citizenship, you may be required to get a visa to come to Peru. (Citizens of the U.S., Canada, and the European Union do not need a visa). Check with your tour operator for details, or simply look online on the website of the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the same in your country of citizenship.

By Peruvian law, you must always carry the passport in case of random document checks in towns, hotels or other areas. It is also advisable to make some photocopies of your passport and store them in different bags, for it is the main ID for traveling in our country. See our article about visa, passport requirements for Peru.

If you are on any medication, or have any health issues, be sure to bring a copy of your most up to date medical records as well.

It is highly recommended that you purchase travel insurance. Wherever you buy travel insurance, make sure the minimum coverage includes: trip cancellation and interruption, baggage delay, baggage and travel documents lost or stolen, medical expenses, emergency assistance.

Also, do not forget to have the copy of your insurance policy easily accessible during the entire trip.

15 Interesting Facts About Peru

Peru is well known for its large number of archaeological sites, vast Amazon basin, and Spanish colonial history. The following list includes a few lesser-known facts about this interesting country.

1. Potatoes and More Potatoes

Peru is the birthplace of the humble potato so it’s not surprising there are more than 4,000 varieties found in the country. These tasty tubers have been domesticated in this part of the world for at least 8,000 years. You’re bound to find at least a dozen different types on display in any grocery store. They come in all shapes, sizes, and colors, each with their own distinctive texture and flavor.

In the southern colonial city of Arequipa, there’s even a popular restaurant that has made the potatoes  its main drawing point.  The Hatunpa serves up to seven different types as a base for its takes on a variety of traditional dishes.

2. Pick Your Climate

With its unspoiled beaches, rugged Andes, and tropical Amazon basin, Peru is home to 28 of the world’s 32 climates. Bask in year-round sunshine on the north coast, soak up the tropical heat of the Amazon, or chill in Cusco with its cool nights and warm days.

Arequipa boasts over 300 days of sunshine a year. For eight months of the year, there is barely a cloud in sight. Trujillo, the “City of Eternal Spring”, enjoys year-round temperatures that hover around 70 F with less than an inch of rainfall per year. And these are only two possibilities in the climate spectrum.

3. Birthplace of Surfing

It is widely believed that the small coastal town of Huanchaco is the birthplace of surfing. Local fishermen still ride the surf back to shore with their daily catches while straddling their caballitos de totoras (little reed horses). These handcrafted traditional reed boats date back at least 2,000 years.

In 2012, this small resort community was the first in Latin America to be designated as a World Surfing Reserve. A large number of surf shops line the main beach road offering boards and wetsuits for rental to the thousands of surfers that visit the area annually. For newbies who want to try it, there are plenty of surf schools offering daily scheduled lessons.

4. World’s Highest Sand Dune

At about 6,800 feet in elevation, Cerro Blanco is considered to be one of the world’s highest sand dunes, if not the highest. It is located between the Pacific Coast and the Andes Mountains in one of the most arid regions on earth, the Nazca Valley, also home to the famous Nazca Lines.

Although it takes three or four hours to hike to the top of this massive sand pile, sandboarding (think snowboarding on sand) back to the base only takes about 30 minutes. Tours leave daily from the nearby city of Nazca.

5. Two of the World’s Deepest Canyons

Both the Cotahuasi Canyon and the Colca Canyon in southern Peru compete for the deepest canyon in the Americas and generally show up in Top 10 lists for the world. At more than 12,000 feet deep, they are both more than twice as deep as the Grand Canyon in the U.S.

Organized tours to both locations leave from Arequipa but Colca Canyon is much more popular because it can be reached in about four hours from the center of the city. Cotahuasi requires more time and effort and a 12-hour bus ride.

6. The Amazon River Starts in Peru

 Beginning with the headwaters of the Mantaro River on the Cordillera Rumi Cruz in Peru, the Amazon River is the largest river in the world by discharge volume and competes with the Nile River for being the longest in the world.

 Peru’s Amazon Basin covers 60% of the country and is home to more species of birds, plants, and mammals than anywhere else in the world. The jungle city of Iquitos is a great place to begin your exploration of this fascinating region. With a population exceeding 300,000 residents, it is the largest city in the world that is not accessible by road, but only by air and river.

Peru Has A Hanging Cliffside Hotel The Sacred Valley of Peru offers its visitors a rare opportunity to stay in a luxury capsule that hangs from the top of a mountain. Here, one can eat, sleep, and laze around in a transparent hanging room and absorb the magical vistas of the mystic valley. Access to the Skylodge Adventure Suites is, however, not very easy. People must climb, hike, and zipline through the mountains and forests to reach the hotel. Guided packages to and from the hotel are available.

8. World’s Highest Navigable Lake

Although there are higher, smaller lakes around the world, Lake Titicaca is considered the “highest navigable lake” because of the commercial craft that frequent its waters.

By volume of water and surface area, Lake Titicaca is the largest lake in South America. It is usually part of the southern tourist route that includes Cusco and Arequipa and is accessible by road, air, or rail from both cities.

It has also become a popular tourist destination because of the “Floating Islands” constructed by the Uru people from layers of thick, buoyant reeds that grow in the shallow parts of the lake.

  1. The World’s Worst Association Football Disaster Happened In Peru

On May 24, 1964, Peru was playing a football match with Argentina at the Estadio Nacional in Lima. During the match, the referee gave an unpopular decision that enraged the Peruvian fans who then decided to invade the pitch. To counter the unruly fans, the police fired tear gas into the crowd leading to extreme chaos. Many people were crushed against the steel shutters leading down to the street and died from asphyxiation or internal hemorrhaging. 328 deaths and 500 injuries were reported during this disaster which was termed the Estadio Nacional disaster.

10. Peru has Three Official Languages

 Peru is a very culturally diverse country that is reflected in the food, the traditional clothing, and the variety of languages found throughout the country.

Although Spanish is spoken by about 83% of the population, it is not Peru’s only official language. In the Andes and other areas where they are common, the ancient Inca language of Quechua, Aymara, and other indigenous languages are also official.

There are at least 72 different languages spoken in Peru if you take all the different dialects into account.

11. Ceviche

Curing fresh raw fish in citrus juice spiced with chili peppers, onion, salt, and coriander will result in Peru’s national dish, ceviche. Every cook has their own variation and it is usually served with side dishes that include red onions, sweet potato, cooked bananas, avocado, and lettuce.

 Locals accompany ceviche with Inca Cola (see below), Coca Cola, or one of the many Peruvian beers available.  And there is always a bowl of canchitas on every table. These are crunchy fried corn kernels often referred to as Peruvian popcorn.

12. Inca Cola, a National Icon of Peru

Dine at almost any restaurant in Peru frequented by locals and you are certain to find a large bottle of Inca Cola on many tables. First appearing on the market in 1935, this sweet, bright yellow soda is a favorite to every Peruvian both old and young. Most foreigners find it too sweet and compare its flavor to a cross between bubblegum and cream soda.

13. Peru Has Rainbow Mountains

Peru has one of the world’s most magnificent geologic features, the Ausangate Mountain in the Peruvian Andes. It is located at an elevation of 6,384 m and is extremely difficult to reach. The mountain is striped with colors ranging from maroon and gold to turquoise and lavender. Several days of hiking is required to reach the mountain. The locals revere Ausangate as divine and consider it to be a deity that protects Cusco. Every year, thousands of pilgrims visit the mountain during the Star Snow festival.

14. The Inca Citadel Of Machu Picchu Is In Peru

One of the world’s most noted archeological sites, the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is in Peru. It is located on a 2,430 m high mountain ridge in the Eastern Cordillera of Peru. It was built in the 15th century and serves as the most famous icon of the Inca civilization. For ages, the site remained largely ignored until it was brought to global attention by an American historian in 1911. Machu Picchu provides evidence of the Inca way of life, their religion, and culture. In 1983, the property was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2007, a worldwide online poll selected Machu Picchu as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

15. The Mysterious Nazca Lines Can Be Seen In Peru

Shallow incisions or depressions made in the soil of Peru’s Nazca Desert represent a group of large geoglyphs formed between 500 BC and 500 AD. They are called the Nazca Lines. However, many of these lines are not merely lines but figurative designs of plants and animals. The top layer of soil and pebbles were removed to reveal the yellow-grey subsoil where these lines were etched out. Although much is known about how these lines were made, there is still much debate about why they were created. Some theories even go as far as linking the Nazca Lines with aliens. The mystery remains unsolved to this date.

Share on social networks